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02 The First Line
Exciteで和訳する(参考)

To draw the first line, click the top left tool in the toolbox. Hold down the mouse button. A popup menu opens where you can select the top right tool Line at an Angle.

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Enter 0,0 as the coordinates at the bottom left. You may find it easier to enter a space instead of the comma. A comma will be added automatically. Press Return to complete your entry.

line5-1.jpg

You will then be asked to enter the angle at the same point. Values that you do not need to change are preset in the entry box.

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The first value is the angle. The line is horizontal at 0.00 degrees. Instead of the comma, a period will appear in the first value because this is the international standard. The value for the length of the line comes after the comma: 100.00, i.e. 100 meters. This value is not significant because we selected infinite as the basic setting. Press Return to confirm these values. The line will then be drawn.

line5-1.jpg

In the entry section at the bottom left, you will be asked to enter the values for the next line. Enter 0,0 for the first line and confirm the entry with Return.

You will then be asked to enter the angle and length for the line. The last values entered always appear as the preset values. Enter 90 as the value for the angle. You do not need to enter a length because we enabled infinity. Press Return to complete your entry. A vertical line will appear.

line5-1.jpg

We need two more lines to make the base rectangle. To draw these lines, we will use the Parallel Lines option because this is the fastest method. Open the pop-up menu for the tool at the top left of the toolbox and select the second tool from the left in the top line.

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The mouse cursor will turn into a crosshair. At the bottom left of the window, you will be asked to click a line. This line will be the reference object. The new line will be drawn parallel to this reference line. Click above the horizontal line. You should not hit the line, but click just slightly above it as the new line will always be drawn on the side of the reference line where you click it. You can specify how far from the reference line you may click under Options / Mouse as Catch Radius.

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The line is highlighted red to identify it as the reference object for a moment. At the bottom left, you are asked to enter the spacing. As our house is 8 meters wide, enter 8 and confirm the entry with Return as usual. A parallel line will be drawn on the working area spaced exactly 8 meters from the first line.

If the second line is not displayed, you may have accidentally selected a different zoom level with the scroll wheel on your mouse. Select zoom level 100% using the + and - buttons at the top right of the window frame or turn the scroll wheel on your mouse until 100% appears on the right in the Position palette.

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Now click slightly to the right of the vertical line and enter the value for the spacing in the same way as for the line you just created. Our house will be 10 meters long. Enter 10 and end the entry with Return. CADintosh will draw a parallel line at a distance of 10 meters. So we have now drawn the basic rectangle for our house.

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In the next step, we will remove the overhanging lines. This is called trimming. Save the file and select the third tool from the top in the right-hand column.

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Select the Automatic Catch Mode (14) at the bottom of the window frame that you can use constantly apart from a few special cases.

When you use the trim option, you select an element that then more or less acts as a knife edge. If you click a second element, it is cut by the first one like with a knife. Click the right-hand vertical line. The line is highlighted red to identify it as the reference object for trimming. Now click the top horizontal line along the section that should be kept, i.e. between the crossings of the vertical lines. The part overhanging to the right will be trimmed and thus deleted.

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The right-hand vertical line is kept as a reference object. Click the middle of the bottom horizontal line between the junctions of the vertical lines to also trim the bottom horizontal lines.

Reset the reference line by pressing the Escape key. The right-hand vertical line no longer appears in red. Click the left-hand vertical line to set it as the reference object. Click the middle of the top and the bottom horizontal line between the junctions of the vertical lines to trim the overhanging lines on the left.

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Trim the remaining overhanging lines by canceling the reference object with Escape again and making the top and then the bottom horizontal line the reference object. Click the center areas to delete the overhangs as you have already done with the other lines. End trimming by switching to the tool for parallel lines at the top of the left-hand column in the toolbox.

Next we will draw the outside walls with their actual thickness using a second inside line. Click slightly to the right of the left-hand vertical line to draw a line parallel to it. At the bottom left of the window, you will be asked to enter the spacing for the new line. The walls will be 30 cm thick. Therefore enter 0.3 since the unit is meters. Press Return to complete your entry.

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The result is a parallel line that overruns infinitely in both directions and will therefore have to be trimmed later on. While the automatic catch mode is selected, a red circle with a cross will appear on the junctions and center points of lines to help you select these points precisely. You can ignore this display if, for example, you click a line just as a reference object.

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Now click the bottom horizontal line and confirm the suggested last entered value of 0.30 meters with Return. Click above the bottom horizontal line. CADintosh will draw the inside wall. Proceed in the same way with the two remaining walls. Do not forget to confirm the suggested value for the distance with Return otherwise the line will be drawn at the point you click and with the wrong distance.

line5-1.jpg

The overhanging lines need to be trimmed in the next step. Proceed as described above. Select the trimming tool in the toolbar (second column, third line). Click the second horizontal line from the top to trim along it. Click the two vertical lines inside the rectangle and proceed in the same way on all sides.

line5-1.jpg

From CADintosh 5.2, the drawing will be refreshed automatically after each action if you are using Mac OS X. You will therefore not see any gaps in the remaining lines even after deleting parts. Please only read the next paragraph if you are working with older versions.

Older versions of CADintosh (5.0.1 and older) will not redraw the content of the screen after each work step since this can take slightly longer with complex drawings and would be annoying. Therefore you will see small gaps in the lines at the points where they were covered by other lines that have been deleted. If you are using Mac OS X 10.2 and CADintosh 4.x or older, you can refresh the screen with F11 to display the lines continuously. Under Mac OS X 10.3 Panther, F11 is reserved for Exposé. CADintosh 5.0.1 therefore uses F12 for redraw. Alternatively you can turn the scroll wheel on your mouse one step back and forth or hold the Shift key and move the window section slightly with the mouse to trigger a redraw.

You can select the function key assignment freely under Options / Function Keys....

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Click the small “Z” button at the top right corner of the window to zoom the drawing until fills the window. Next we will draw an inside wall. Select the tool for parallel lines again and click the inside of the bottom wall. Enter 3 at the bottom left as the inside wall will be 3 meters from the selected outside wall. Press Return to complete your entry.

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Cancel the reference line with Escape. Select the new line as a reference line and draw another line over this line with a spacing of 0.22 meters using the same technique. Trim the new lines so that they end at the inside walls.

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The next inside wall will divide the bottom room into two rooms. Draw a line parallel to the right-hand wall at a distance of 5 meters and another line parallel to the new one at a distance of 0.22 m. Trim the new lines. The results should be the same as in the following screenshot.

line5-1.jpg

>> 03 Split

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